Dallas Sinus Center offers the most innovative and minimally invasive treatment options for Sinus Infections.
Bacteria are tiny, single cell organisms that are mostly harmless (less than one percent make people sick). Infectious bacteria, however, reproduce very quickly in the body and release toxins that damage tissue and cause illness. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include streptococcus, staphylococcus, and e. coli.
What Causes Sinus Infections?
Sinus infections are typically treated with antibiotics. However, it is very important to follow the prescribed directions carefully in order to rid the body completely of the infection on the first course of treatment. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chance that the bacteria in your body will learn to resist them. The doctors at the Dallas Sinus Center will help you to fully understand any bacterial infection symptoms and treatments.
How are Sinus Infections Treated?
Major symptoms of a sinus infection include facial pain or pressure. Sinus pain and pressure is caused by pressure on the nerves of the sinuses by the swollen and irritated tissues. If nasal polyps or fungus are involved there is often less pressure and pain compared with acute bacterial infections. Negative pressure vacuum of the sinuses can be caused by blockage of the sinus ostia and this can also result in the symptom of pain and pressure.
What are the symptoms for a sinus infection?
Other major symptoms that may be noted are nasal stuffiness or fullness and pus draining from the front of the nose or down the throat. Many will also notice difficulty with the ability to smell and even changes in their taste. Swollen nasal tissues and increased or thickened nasal sections often cause difficulty breathing through the nose. Some patients will also snore due to this blockage. Other factors evaluated in the diagnosis of a sinus infection include headache and bad breath, fatigue, cough, dental pain and in the case of acute infections, fever. The bad breath is due to the presence of bacteria in the thick mucus that may drain into the throat from the back of the nose during a sinus infection.
It can be difficult to distinguish between a having a cold and having a sinus infection. Colds are caused by common viruses. Your body’s natural defenses can usually fight off these in about a week. However, a sinus infection typically has a more protracted course and the symptoms will persist beyond 5 to 7 days. In fact, a sinus infection will often follow or complicate a cold — it’s like a cold that does not go away. There may also be differences in appearance of the mucus draining from the nose. Many of the over-the-counter treatments available for a cold will also help lessen some of the symptoms of a sinus infection, but if bacteria or fungus are present in infection-level quantities, symptoms will continue and medical attention is needed.
How do I tell the difference between a cold and a sinus infection?